Activity Sheet 4: Healthy Eyes Checklist

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There are many conditions that make a person’s eyes function differently from another person’s. Some of these conditions are associated with getting older. Others can occur at any time or may even be present from birth. Recognizing these conditions and knowing how they can be treated are important parts of your eye care program. Below are three random lists: EYE CONDITIONS; DEFINITIONS; and TREATMENTS. Each item is designated with a number. Mark the number to indicate which EYE CONDITION goes with the DEFINITION and TREATMENT (NOTE: Some conditions have the same treatment).

Eye ConditionDefinitionTreatment
1. Nearsightedness (myopia)1. A gradual decline in focusing ability due to normal aging.1. Detection before age three is vital. Treatment includes corrective lenses and vision therapy.
2. Farsightedness (hyperopia)2. Near objects are seen more clearly than ones that are far away.2. Vision therapy to develop coordination of eye muscles or, sometimes surgery on eye muscles.
3. Astigmatism3. The two eyes are not aligned. They look in different directions at the same time.3. Treatment includes corrective lenses and/or vision therapy.
4. Presbyopia4. Objects are seen more clearly when they are far away than at near distance.4. Drugs or surgery.
5. Strabismus (crossed-eyes)5. An eye disease in which the fluid pressure in the eyeball is too high.5. Prescription eyeglasses and, in some cases, contact lenses.
6. Amblyopia (lazy eye)6. Cloudy spots or patches on the eye’s normally clear lens.6. Lenses during early stages, surgery later.
7. Glaucoma7. A condition that causes a loss of sharp vision usually in one eye and usually in very young children.
8. Cataracts8. A condition caused when the shape of the cornea is more oval than round.

ANSWERS: 1-2-3; 2-4-3; 3-8-3; 4-1-5; 5-3-2; 6-7-1; 7-5-4; 8-6-6.